The history of Dubai runs to 3000 BC. Today our journey is to find the history of Dubai and its vast journey.


Early Minoan period ( 3000 BC to 5th century CE)

Dubai’s roots reach back to the early Minoan period. What is now Dubai was a vast mangrove swamp. By 3000 BC, the swamp had dried up and become habitable. It is believed that Bronze Age nomadic herders first settled in the area. By 2500 BC, they had established a thriving date plantation, the first time they successfully used the site for agriculture. Skip a few millennia before silent farming. AD In the fifth century, the area we now know as Jumeirah was home to beautiful coastal restaurants; It was a caravan site on the trade route connecting Oman and present-day Iraq.


The Bani Yas tribe (1000 to 1700s)

The Andalusian-Arab geographer Abu Abdullah Al Bakri’s Book of Geography, published in 1095, contains the earliest record of Dubai. Other documents, such as the journal kept by Venetian pearl trader Gaspero Balbi, date to 1580, when he visited the region to conduct business in pearls.

Fishing, pearl diving, boat building, and housing and feeding traders passing through to sell gold, spices, and textiles, were significant sources of income at the time. These are still available today in our souks and make the ideal gifts to send home. In 1793, the Bani Yas tribe established itself in Abu Dhabi and gained political influence, turning Dubai into a dependent state. This was the subsequent significant development in the history of the United Arab Emirates.

The walled city (1800-1832)

Dubai was a walled city in the early 1800s, according to records. In the same period that Dubai became dependent, the Al Fahidi Fort was constructed. The Al Fahidi Historical Neighborhood, Al Fahidi Fort, and Old Souk were all part of the wall’s Bur Dubai side extension. Al Ras was walled on the Deira side as well. But in 1820, Britain reached a maritime truce with regional leaders, ensuring that trade routes would remain open and commerce could flourish. With this came regular communication with other nations, turning Dubai into a hub of significant activity. 

Al Maktoum dynasty (1833 to 1893)

In 1833, a significant year in Dubai’s history, Bani Yas tribe member Maktoum bin Butti led his people to the Shindagha Peninsula at the mouth of Dubai Creek. Announcing the town’s independence from Abu Dhabi, he made his home there. Dubai gained a reputation as a fishing village after that. The Al Maktoum dynasty still controls Dubai despite the enormous changes the emirate has undergone today.

Walk along the banks of Dubai Creek to learn more about the city’s past. Aras and boats can be seen gliding along the ancient waterways at this site, which is an anchor to the emirate’s history.

Welcoming expatriates (1894 to 1966)

Under the direction of Al Maktoum, Dubai started to prosper remarkably. Trading in the region received another boost in 1894 when new laws exempted foreigners from paying taxes. Due to this, the city experienced a massive influx of foreign workers. Tradespeople from Pakistan and India arrived in Dubai to take advantage of the favorable business climate.UAE

Even though this was a relatively prosperous time in Dubai’s history, the city was still entirely dependent on fishing, trading, and pearl diving. In addition, the 1950s Japanese invention of artificial pearls revealed the economy’s weakness in the area. The financial crisis, though, was short-lived. Everything for Dubai abruptly changed in 1966 when it discovered oil.

The boom of present-day Dubai (1966 to present)

Dubai is a modern city that was built from nothing. The sheiks who founded the city made it into a trading and oil town. They also took care of their people by making sure they had everything they needed.

Dubai was built from nothing.

The UAE is a desert, and its first inhabitants were nomadic tribes that roamed the area for centuries before settling in small villages. The Portuguese, Dutch and British built the first cities during their colonial occupation of the region. But Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum would shape Dubai’s history by transforming an empty stretch of sand into a modern city with skyscrapers and shopping malls.

Sheikh Rashid’s vision

Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum made Dubai an oil and trading town.

The first ruler of Dubai, a small Arabian state on the Persian Gulf that developed into a significant global trading hub, was Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum. He was also an influential businessman and politician who made Dubai into an oil boomtown, seaport and power plant.

Dubai’s growth owes much to its strategic position at the mouth of one of the world’s busiest shipping lanes and its proximity to India and Pakistan’s ports on either side. Sheikh Rashid used his wealth from trade with India as well as his resources – he had been given land grants by various rulers – to build up these industries that would later become critical drivers for development within Dubai itself:

Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum’s son continued to build up Dubai and the UAE.

Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum’s son continues to build up Dubai and the UAE. Sheikh Mohammed is the current ruler of Dubai, appointed by his father in 2006 after he succeeded his older brother as Vice President of the United Arab Emirates. As a result, he has continued to transform this city by creating new attractions such as The Palm Jumeirah, completed in 2008 and Atlantis The Palm Island, opened in 2010.

The City of Gold, also known as “Dubai,” was founded in 1791 by an Irishman named Alexander Monson, who ran away from home at age 14 with some money saved up from working on farms nearby Dublin. He settled down with Irishmen who had also left their countries because they thought life would be better there than at home during that period when Ireland was ruled over by Britain, at least until recent years when Ireland gained independence from England again after centuries.”

Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum continues transforming the city by creating new attractions.

Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum continues transforming the city by creating new attractions. Dubai is a city of superlatives. It’s home to the world’s tallest building (Burj Khalifa), the most significant shopping mall (Dubai Mall), and the most expensive hotel ever built on earth (Jumeirah Emirates Towers).UAE

But even though these landmarks are impressive, they’re still worth visiting!

Sheiks have made Dubai a modern metropolis.

Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum established Dubai. He built up Dubai and its ports, making it an oil town and a trading town. His son continued to build up Dubai and the UAE, making it one of the most modern cities in the world.

The sheiks of Dubai have contributed to the development of this city by providing jobs to those willing to put in the necessary effort (or at least pretend).


Dubai is a city that started from nothing and grew into one of the world’s most modern cities. It was built by Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, who continues to create new attractions for visitors today.


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